Thermit® News October 2015
PRODUCTS AND SERVICES
The new luting paste for Thermit® welding processes
Thermit® welding sets a high benchmark in terms of precision. It requires a sequence of defined processes to be carefully followed before welding can even be started. The moulds need to be sealed to ensure that the hot, liquid steel is distributed solely within the mould and the gap between the rails and does not create any run-out. We supply sand and clay or specially developed luting paste for luting the moulds.
The Thermit® welding process and associated consumables are constantly undergoing a process of optimisation. The formulation of the new grey luting paste has also been improved in terms of its constituents. The paste has a significantly increased durability compared to the red luting paste, and now lasts 18 months. Other impressive qualities include ease of handling and reliability. The new lighter colouring is clearly distinguishable from the darker casting mould, so that even critical points can be located and remedied more quickly during luting. This leads to improved prevention of runout. The new luting paste is available in the usual 1.8 kg containers.
If you have any queries about the new luting paste (item number 363373) please contact one of our Sales team, who will be happy to answer your questions.
Elektro-Thermit supplier for large project in Algeria!
In the Algerian city of Sétif, east of the capital Algier, thousands of people move about the road network every day. Too many, actually. With the quality of their products and processes, Elektro-Thermit is contributing to the burden on the infrastructure of the Algerian university town's infrastructure being lighter in future.
Algeria has been investing in upgrading its infrastructure for years, including the expansion of its electricity networks, railway tracks and even metro and tram lines. Sétif has been able to profit from this as well and is projected to receive its first tram line with 22 km of track and 30 stops with completion in 2016. For the rush hours, intervals of 4 minutes are planned and 5000 passengers per hour are expected.
In order to prove the quality of our products, Yapi Merkezi (Turkey), Yüksel Proje Project Office, the firm commissioned for the welding work, performed a Factory Acceptance Test (FAT) in July of 2015, a performance test in which Elektro-Thermit needed to prove itself as a supplier. Everything from quality management, integrity of the consumables, safety when carrying out Thermit® welding processes to production procedures under actual conditions was tested. The faultless test results convinced Yapi Merkezi of the outstanding quality of our consumables and processes.
We are glad that we could prove ourselves successfully and are now acting as supplier for Yapi Merkezi a second time in Algeria.
PRACTICAL TRAINING AND WORK INSTRUCTIONS
Our services: Answers to frequently asked questions!
Our technical service staff would be pleased to answer your questions - even those complicated queries concerning Thermit® welding. The following contains a compilation of possible questions and answers.
Alignment, superelevation and effects on the vertical shrinkage of a rail joining weld
In the July edition of the newsletter, the focus was on "Neutral flame during preheating and the consequences of excess oxygen". The following deals with alignment, superelevation and the effects on the vertical shrinkage of a rail joining weld.
Why do rail joining welds sink while cooling?
When viewed from the side, the cross section of the rail is not symmetrical neither in its shape nor its surface area. The upper half of the rail's cross-section is larger than the lower half. Therefore, the volume of the welding gap in the upper section is larger than that in the lower one.
The liquid steel filled into this gap cools there thereby reducing its volume and creates tensile forces on the end rails. Because more liquefied steel shrinks in the upper part of the welding gap than in the lower part, these tensile forces are greater in the upper portion of the welding gap then in the lower part.
Effect: The welding joint sinks while cooling.
Why don't rail joining welds move laterally while cooling?
When viewed from above or below, the cross section of the rail is symmetrical. The left half of the rail's cross-section is the same as the right half meaning that the volume of the welding gap in both halves is equal. The tensile forces in the left and right halves are also equal.
Effect: The welding joint does not move laterally while cooling.
Why are the running surfaces of both rail ends aligned to each other at a superelevated level?
After the welding bond cools and shrinking has stopped, both rail ends should be in a straight line. The running surfaces should form neither "mountain" nor "valley". Later, the wheel should be able to run smoothly over the finished weld.
When does the vertical motion stop?
As long as the left rail, the welding point and the right rail are displaying different temperatures, the welding joint is still sinking.
Why are the running edges of both rail ends aligned to each other evenly and not at a superelevated level?
Because the welding joint does not move laterally while cooling.
What effects are there on the amount of the expected vertical movement?
Rail height (high or low rail profile)
Rail head height (worn or new rail head)
Welding gap width (large, small)
Resistance of the track bed to cooling and therefore to the sinking welding joint (bad or hard sleepers)
Time to remove the alignment wedges (before or after sinking is done, both to welding points that are still warm or those that are already cooled)
All operating procedures as well as welder training make mention of this complex topic (excerpt):
The height should be checked after cooling and, if necessary, changed accordingly at subsequent welding points.
The wedges may not be removed until all welding points have cooled completely.
In the following, some typical effects on vertical shrinkage and the required joint elevation that results will be named:
Vertical shrinkage and therefore the required joint elevation is
at the upper limit
at the lower limit
Rail head height with the same profile
bad = sleepers not plugged
good = sleepers plugged
Removing the wedges before the welding has cooled
Our technical staff would be pleased to answer any complicated questions you may have about alignment, superelevation and effects on shrinkage.
Updated: work instructions for the THERMIT® welding process
The processing of our consumables into high-quality end products by your trained employees can only be implemented using the current work instructions.
Here you are provided with an overview as to which work instructions have been edited since the last edition of the newsletter.
The complete overview of the work instructions, sub-divided according to language and methods are available on our website. You can obtain the required version of the work instructions from your contact in the Technical Service or Sales department.
Current publications in the trade press
Digitale Abnahme von Schienenlängsprofilen
Dr.-Ing. Alfred Wegner, Stefan Damm, dans : ZEVrail 139 (2015)
„Bei Neubau und Erhalt von Eisenbahninfrastruktur ist Präzision sicherheits- und lebenszyklusrelevant. Zahlreiche Parameter werden mithilfe einer Vielzahl an Geräten vermessen, geprüft oder aufgezeichnet, um eine optimale Gleisgeometrie und somit lange Haltbarkeit bei maximaler Sicherheit zu garantieren. (…) Dabei erlaubt insbesondere die Digitalisierung eine deutliche Steigerung der Effizienz und eine gezielte Nachverfolgung der Arbeitsergebnisse, wie die neuesten Messgeräte der Goldschmidt Thermit GmbH beweisen.“
Elektro-Thermit at Elmia Nordic Rail from 6 to 8 October 2015
Elmia Nordic Rail is the largest and most successful trade fair for railways in Scandinavia. In 2015 Elektro-Thermit GmbH & Co. KG will be present in Jönköping, Sweden with its own exhibition stand – this time together with Triple-S-GmbH, a system provider for geothermal point and surface heating. Visitors will be presented with the ideal opportunity to speak with our experts about the newest products and services in tract superstructure, including Thermit® Head Repair, RAILSTRAIGHT and the magnetic barrier.
From 6 to 8 October 2015, you can find us at exhibition stand B05:80.
For comments or questions, please contact:
Elektro-Thermit GmbH & Co. KG
06132 Halle (Saale), Germany
Dr.-Ing. Matthias Wewel (CEO)
Dr.-Ing. Jörg Keichel (CTO)
Dipl.-Ing. (FH) Johannes Braun
Editorial (v.i.S.d.P.): Manuela Illmer
Tel.: +49 (0) 345 7795-718
VAT Reg. No.: DE 203131971
Tax No.: 110/112/02561
Registration office: Stendal
Registration number: HRA 34021